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2022考研英語閱讀:如何精讀一篇閱讀文章?以2017考研英語二試題Text2為例

2021-03-29 13:38:01 來源:中公考研

【詞匯】

Screen 屏幕;審查;篩查

Suck in 把某人卷入

Digital 數字的;數字顯示的

Cite 引用

Oppressive 壓迫的;令人苦惱的

Value 價值;用途;價值觀

Engagement 參與

Disengage 分開;松開

Bleed-over 滲透

Verbal 文字的;動詞的

Tension 緊張;不安

Exquisitely 精致地;異常地

Sensitive 敏感的;感覺的;體貼的

Fantasize 幻想;做白日夢

【題目解析】

26. According to Jenny Radesky, digital products are designed to .

選B. absorb user attention

細節題,通過題干中的信息定位,模糊定位第一段,第二步精準定位,優先用“Jenny Radesky”定位到第二句,再根據題干中的其他信息進一步精確定位到“digital products are there to promote maximal engagement”,根據“to”后面的信息“promote maximal engagement”,首先通過原詞復現對應選項,并沒有與之對應,因此需要通過理解來對應“促進最大參與”,通過理解可以看出只有選項B“吸引使用者的注意”對應。該題中也可以通過and前后并列猜出來“suck you in”與“promote maximal engagement”相對應,一般來說如果遇到動詞加介詞的表達可以通過介詞去猜一下意思,前面的動詞可以用萬能動詞“整”來代替。所以,通過這個信息去對應選項也只有B選項符合。

27. Radesky’s food-testing exercise shows that mothers’ use of devices_______.

選D. reduces mother-child communication

例證題,首先模糊定位,根據上一題定位的位置往下找,定位到第二段,例證題解題首先將例子還原到到原文中,這里注意這個例子還原之后,根據原文“studied”可知,這是一個實驗調查研究論據,因此需要后找結論解題,后找結論時關注人物加表達觀點的表達即可,因此關注到下一句中,“she found that”就是觀點的表達,因此通過“mothers who used devices during the exercise started 20 per cent fewer verbal and 39 per cent fewer nonverbal interactions with their children”,首先與選項進行對應原詞復現可以對應到選項B中“children”與D

中“mother-child”,對比起來看選項D 復現更多,并且D選項中還有“communication”與原文“interaction”同義替換,而且從原文中反復出現的“fewer”可以對應到選項中的“reduce”。

28. Radesky cites the “ still face experiment ” to show_______.

選D. parents need to respond to children’s emotional needs

例證題,模糊定位到第三段,首先將題干中的例子還原到原文中,還原到三段第二句“Radesky cites the “ still face experiment” devised by developmental psychologist Ed Tronick in the 1970s.”根據例子本身“experiment”可以看出此論據屬于實驗調查研究論據,因此優先后找結論解題,后找結論就關注與結論相關的表達,根據緊接著下一句中“in it”說明還在實驗中,因此繼續找在三段四句中“says Radesky”符合人物總結觀點的表達標志,因此通過此句話解題“Parents don’t have to exquisitely present at all times, but there needs to be a balance and parents need to be responsive and sensitive to a child's verbal or nonverbal expressions of an emotional need”首先對應選項,注意在本句話中“but”連詞,轉折說明后半句話中的信息更加重要,因此優先對應此部分的內容,選項D中出現多詞復現“parents need to respond to children’s emotional needs”。

29. The oppressive ideology mentioned by Tronick requires parents to_______.

選C. ensure constant interaction with their children

細節題,模糊定位到四段,再根據題干中信息“Tronick”“the oppressive ideology”“parents” “require”定位到第四段第一句,“On the other hand, Tronick himself is concerned that the worries about kids’ use of screens are born out of an “ oppressive ideology that demands that parents should always be interacting” with their children: “ It's based on a somewhat fantasized, very white, very upper middle-class ideology that says if you're failing to expose your child to 30 , 000 words you are neglecting them.”題干中“require”與“demand”同義替換,原文較長進行最簡單的劃分,通過標點符號冒號將其分為兩部分優選關注一下通過題干信息定位到的冒號前半句,“demands that parents should always be interacting” with their children”對應選項C“interaction with their children”原詞復現,“constant”與“always”同義替換。

30. According to Tronick, kids' use of screens may_______.

選A. give their parents some free time

細節題,模糊定位到四段下半段,通過題干中的“Tronick”“kid’s use of screens”,精準定位到第四段第二句“Tronick believes that just because a child isn’t learning from the screen doesn't mean there’s no value to it particularly if it gives parents time to have a shower, do housework or simply have a break from their child.”對應選項“parents”確定選項A和B,關注A和B中其他信息“free time”和“creative”哪一個與原文相對,只有A選項中的“free time”原詞復現,所以選A。

除了把做題思路要自己寫出來或者心中有數外,最好可以把長難句也翻譯積累一下。

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